An employment tribunal is an independent body that is established to protect employment rights. As employment solicitors in Bristol we often are asked this question. This judicial body’s role is to amicably resolve employment disputes between employees and employers. Issues such as discrimination, harassment, unfair dismissal and unequal pay are heard within employment tribunals.

Hearings in an employment tribunal are usually open to the general public. Evidence and testimonies within this tribunal are given under oath. Less formality is exercised within an employment tribunal as compared to a court. For instance, no gowns or wigs are worn during sessions of this tribunal.

Work-related legal claims are heard in employment tribunals. Judges within these tribunals are adequately qualified to tackle employment matters. Lay members within the panel usually represent both the plaintiff and the defendant. The employer and employee are hereby represented in the panel. Impartiality is required from the members of this panel.

A single employment judge can hear many types of employment cases. Unfair dismissal, unpaid wage claims and redundancy pay claims are some of the matter that can be handled by a single tribunal judge. A full panel of judges is compulsory when hearing discrimination claims. Three judges are required for such cases.

An employment tribunal judge has the discretionary privilege of ordering a claim to be heard by a full panel. Such hearings involve three judges. However, full panel hearings are not common.

The process of filing an employment matter with an employment tribunal is referred to as making a claim. Time limits need to be observed when making a claim. You have three months less one day to make a claim with an employment tribunal. This time limit is from the day when the incident occurred or when your employment ceased. Six months is the time limit granted for equal pay and redundancy pay cases.

Claims can be made through post, telephone or online. 28 days are given by the employment tribunal allowing the defendant to reply in writing following the making of a claim. The ruling of a tribunal hearing may be made immediately after the hearing of a case. It may also take several days or weeks.

The main aim of setting up employment tribunals was to provide speedy and cheap resolutions to employment cases. The decisions that are reached by these tribunals are legally binding. Both parties within the suit need to follow decisions reached by this tribunal.

An employment tribunal is critical when resolving employment issues. This tribunal can help you get the justice that you require when your rights are violated. The legal interpretation of employment laws is also provided by an employment tribunal.